In the 14th century, during their stays in
Avignon, the popes – and especially Pope John XXII – built a papal
castle in Châteauneuf-du-Pape. Impressed by the area's exceptional
soils, they decided to establish vineyards on the slopes surrounding
the château. Results were outstanding thanks to the amazing terroir
and micro-climate proposed by the area. Since then, wines from
Châteauneuf-du-Pape gained fame and recognition around the world.
A unique terroir /
terroir of Châteauneuf-du-Pape has unique conditions: on the
surface, the large sun-warmed stones diffuse a gentle, providential
heat that helps the grapes to mature and their juice to reach
A symphony of 13 grape
vineyards are home to the “Symphony of 13 grape varieties”. This is
typical of this AOC, all the vines are complanted – on the same
parcel, several grape varieties are planted together. It provides
aromatic complexity, strength and balance to the wines.
For the red wines, four varieties
dominate: Grenache, Syrah, Mourvèdre and Cinsault, supplemented by
Counoise, Muscardin, Terret and Vaccarèse. The whites are made from
white-grape vines: Clairette, Roussane, Bourboulenc, Grenache Blanc,
Picardan and Picpoul.